News

Midwives deployed to remote Afghanistan to lower maternal death rate

10 July 2018
Author: UNFPA
Family health houses are helping midwives provide reproductive health care in far-flung parts of Afghanistan. © UNFPA Afghanistan
Family health houses are helping midwives provide reproductive health care in far-flung parts of Afghanistan. © UNFPA Afghanistan

HERAT, Afghanistan – By midnight, Khurshid, 35, was in serious trouble. Five months pregnant and bleeding heavily, she had passed out at home. Her family carried her unconscious body to the nearest – and only – health station in Afghanistan’s remote, mountainous Chesht-e Sharif District. 

“Her state shocked me, but I knew quickly that it was a miscarriage,” recalled Amena, 22, the midwife on duty at the clinic, known locally as a ‘family health house’.

Khurshid was at risk of bleeding to death – one of the most common causes of maternal death in the world.

Most maternal deaths take place in poor and rural areas with limited
access to health services. One of the 123 UNFPA-supported family
health houses. © UNFPA Afghanistan

The vast majority of maternal deaths are preventable, yet pregnancy and childbirth continue to take the lives of hundreds of thousands of women every year. Most of these deaths take place in poor and rural areas with limited access to health care.

Afghanistan is one of these places. Women there face the highest maternal death rate in the Asia and Pacific region. Women have a 1 in 52 chance of dying from pregnancy-related causes, according to the most recent United Nations data.  

Amena knows these risks all too well.

She worked rapidly to stop the haemorrhaging, and was relieved when Khurshid’s condition stabilized. 

“I am so thankful to God that I was able to help save her life,” Amena said. “The relief and gratitude was plain to see on her family’s faces.”

Family health houses 

Amena has worked at the family health house for around two years. The facility is one of 123 family health houses that UNFPA has helped to establish since 2009.

These clinics, which are also supported by the governments of Italy and Canada, cater to remote and underserved populations in provinces like Bamyan, Daikundi, Faryab and Herat. 

Midwives and health workers are on call at all hours. They provide skilled birth attendance, family planning services, basic health care and referrals.

A midwife checks on a pregnant woman at a family health house. 
© UNFPA Afghanistan

And UNFPA is working to increase the number of midwives available to provide such care. 

In a first for Amena’s home province of Herat, UNFPA has teamed up with the provincial Institute of Health Services to offer a community midwifery education programme.

This programme recruits midwives from remote villages, then trains them to meet the reproductive health needs of underserved areas. The first group of 35 midwives will soon be deployed to family health houses across Herat. 

Helping midwives help women

“At UNFPA Afghanistan we have been working with government partners to ensure quality, professional and regularized midwifery services to reach the furthest behind,” said Dr. Bannet Ndyanabangi, UNFPA’s representative in Afghanistan.

“The training of midwives and establishment of family health houses in remote and underserved Afghanistan is key to such efforts, and we are working to expand this project to more provinces.”

And to further aid the far-flung midwives – who may have little assistance at their health facilities – UNFPA also supports a 24-hour toll-free midwifery helpline. Through the helpline, highly skilled midwives and doctors provide technical answers and advice when health workers encounter complex or dangerous cases. 

Trainee midwives in Kabul, Afghanistan. © UNFPA Afghanistan/Zubaida
Akbar

Time to heal

These efforts are slowly making a difference.

Today, across Afghanistan, around 60 per cent of people live within an hour’s travel from a health facility, and 88 per cent live within two hours’ travelling time.

As for Khurshid, she is happy to have survived.

She took some time to heal at the family health house. Now, she is looking forward to going home to resume her life and see her four young children.

“I feel healthy and am very much thankful to Amena, who has saved my life and helped me recover,” she said.